Yellow Journalism

School Begins, (Puck Magazine, January 25, 1899)

Caption: “School Begins. Uncle Sam (to his new class in Civilization). Now, children, you’ve got to learn these lessons whether you want to or not! But just take a look at the class ahead of you, and remember that, in a little while, you will feel as glad to be here as they are!”

Summary: Print shows Uncle Sam as a teacher, standing behind a desk in front of his new students who are labeled “Cuba, Porto Rico, Hawaii, [and] Philippines”; they do not look happy to be there. At the rear of the classroom are students holding books labeled “California, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, [and] Alaska”. At the far left, an African American boy cleans the windows, and in the background, a Native boy sits by himself, reading an upside-down book labeled “ABC”, and a Chinese boy stands just outside the door. A book on Uncle Sam’s desk is titled “U.S. First Lessons in Self-Government”.

Louis Dalrymple, From Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA (Date Accessed: February 12, 2019)Author: Louis Dalrymple (1866-1905). Puck magazine, publisher,

Yellow Journalism Discussion Answers

  1. Our example is a political cartoon by Puck magazine before Hearst purchased the magazine.It is an example of Yellow journalism because it is propaganda for American imperialism and it sensationalizes our role in global colonization.
  2. Newspapers of all different natures contributed higher frequency of sensationalist views.  Therefore, these yellow journalism approaches to disseminating information had larger audiences.
  3. William Randolph Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer II, early political cartoonists.
  4. Less cost for printing and quicker information routes all lead to an increase in information dissemination.  Fear of high levels of immigration and the need to sell political agendas lead to highly sensationalized articles and cartoons.

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