Literature Review

Nicole Stell

Literature Review

October 26, 2018

 

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the thirty-second president of the United States, is a prominent figure in American history.  Many books are dedicated to defining his role in American government, exploring his personal relationships, and telling his life story.  However, there is a significant lack of literature solely dedicated to his battle with polio, the full extent of his illness, and why his physical limitations were hidden from public view.  The fact that FDR had polio was never a secret.  Most Americans, during his presidency, knew that he had contracted polio over a decade earlier and that it had affected his mobility.  However, most did not know the extent to which he suffered physically.  The illusion that FDR’s paralysis was not hindering his physical capabilities was due to the actions of his staff, who helped him hide his confines, and a lack of negative coverage of his handicap by the press.  The majority of monographs written about Franklin Roosevelt are biographical in nature and focus on his political triumphs and failures.  There are a few books that focus on his health, and no book solely explores how and why his paralysis was largely ignored by the press.  The reasoning behind the lack of works dedicated to FDR’s paralysis and lack of press coverage is due to the fact that there are many other avenues in which to study FDR, and because Roosevelt himself did not want his handicap to be the central focus of his character.  Continue reading “Literature Review”

Literature Review

Coerced Sterilization and its Forgotten History

A Literature Review

Nicole Stell

 

 

 

 

Professor Ferrell

April 17th, 2018

History 297

I hereby declare, upon my word of honor, that I have neither received or given unauthorized help on this work,   – Nicole Stell

 

 

Abstract

Over sixty thousand forced sterilizations occurred between 1900 and 1970 in America and were done so with the intention of making it impossible for persons of a certain criteria to reproduce.  These eugenic based surgeries were supported by the judicial system, doctors, and were used primarily for purifying the gene pool.  Lower class individuals, criminals and members of society deemed mentally challenged were targeted for sterilization.  The United States has a deep history with eugenical sterilization and yet American academia ignored the history of these surgeries post World War II due to the similarities between them and actions taken by Nazi Germany.  As science advances and those studying genetics become more knowledgeable, academics from many different fields are finding it more important than ever to reveal the hidden history of eugenics in America in hopes of preventing similar attitudes from spreading in the modern world.  Continue reading “Literature Review”